Sil Lim Tao(Little Idea)
Wing Chun is comprised of three bare hand forms, Siu Lim Tao, Chum Kiu and Biu Gee. The Siu Lim Tao is the foundation upon which the entire learning process is then built. The SLT contains all the basic movements including Bong Sao, Tan Sao and Fook Sao. The form is comprised of three sections and is practiced in a stationary position. The form at first glance looks simplistic, however – is a continual progression of power, focus and the release of energy at different angles.
Chum Kiu (Seeking the bridge)
Chum Kiu is the second bare hand form whereby the practitioner will now develop a further understanding of the movements learnt in the first form SLT. This form is also split into three sections and the practitioner will now learn how to adapt these skills in motion. During this form the practitioner will lean Huen Ma (turning stance) and kicks are also introduced. A lot of emphasis is based on the Bong Sao (wing arm) movement and the student will now begin to understand how to move and bridge together the forms with realistic fighting applications and techniques bringing into effect the learning of the first form.
Biu Tze (Thrusting Fingers)
Biu Tze is the third and final bare hand form and is normally taught after the student has leant the Mok Yan Jong (wooden dummy). The form is know as the ‘First Aid hand’ and uses explosive power to regain the centre line of an opponent by attacking directly into it, this is considered as the most deadly form in Wing Chun. The use of elbows (cop jarn) and two way energy are maximized in this form. Again as with the two previous forms it is taught in three sections. Bui Tze has a saying that ‘it never goes out of the door’, meaning it is only taught to the most trusted and indoor students. With the Biu Tze, if you find yourself in centre and in a compromised position, the movement of this form are designed to recapture control with devastating power.
Mok Yan Jong (Wooden Dummy)
The Wooden dummy is comprised of ten sections and builds upon the skills of your footwork; this is where you will bridge the bare hand forms with actual fighting techniques. The dummy will teach you how to move round an opponent and apply the correct amount of energy and precision at close range. The difference between the bare hand form and the dummy is application, bare hand forms can not always be performed exactly as they appear due to situations etc whereby the dummy techniques will need to be applied direct. Learning the dummy will train the practitioner to understand the structure of the movements during physical contact/impact and represent an actual opponent/training partner.
Six and a Half Point Pole (Long Pole)
The six and a half point pole was once used to push small boats along shallow rivers. Fisherrmen developed a fighting system using this very long pole. The story has it that a fisherman saw a Wing Chun practitioner practicing the Bot Jaam Do form and agreed to teach the pole form in exchange for the the sword form. Baat Jam Do (Butterfly Knives) The Bot Jaam Do are two swords, each about the length of the lower arm (wrist to elbow), that are used as an extension of the arms. In other words, the motion applied to the swords is similar to the motion of the arms in the wing chun forms and hand techniques.